Chilli peppers are believed to have first arrived to Ethiopia from Portugal, between 1520 and 1770. That they have not always grown here is hard to believe, given how ubiquitous they are on plates across the country. Chilli peppers are the hallmark of the country’s open air markets, most famously in Harar, Addis and Axum. No less, a recent study showed that the average Ethiopian consumes 15g of chilli pepper every single day; more than in any other country in the world.

All of our chilli peppers are certified as organic to the EU standard.

Greenpath Varieties



Ethiopian Birds Eye is small and punchy. In Ethiopia and Eritrea, the pepper is dried and ground, combined with other spices such as cardamom seed, fenugreek, cloves, and salt, making a bright red-orange powder called "Mitmita", which is used to add spice to any dish according to preference. In parts of southern Africa, Birds Eye is pureed into popular "Peri Peri" hot sauce, which is used as a condiment for grilled meats and fish. 



Ethiopian Kariya is an indigenous Ethiopian chilli variety that has a flavour and spice profile, between a green bell pepper and a Jalapeno pepper. It carries mild to medium heat with an aromatic, earthy flavour. These peppers can be incorporated into omelettes, stir-fries, and curries but are also mild enough to be eaten raw in salads or fried in oil and salt. In Ethiopian cuisine, Kariya peppers are stuffed with a mix of sautéed tomatoes, onions, and garlic and served as the perfect side to any meal. 


Kariya -- Mareko.JPG

Spice traders on the streets of Addis, Harar or Axum will tell you the same: the best chillies in Ethiopia come from Mareko. This small region (woreda) in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia is situated within an hour of our flagship site, Butajira. The chilli varieties found here are propagated on the volcanic soil of the Rift Valley, bringing together the right balance of heat and dryness. Larger and hotter than mitmita, Mareko chillies are most frequently seen being ordered with a traditional Ethiopian platter, beyanetu, at lunchtime.